Thursday, September 01, 2005

Vegetables and Steaming times

Nutrients in food are often lost during cooking more so if food is overcooked. Steaming food is preferred to retain the flavour and nutrients. Below is a guide on steaming time for vegetables.

o Artichokes: Medium 35 to 40 minutes
o Asparagus: Thin spears 3 to 4 minutes. Thick spears 5 to 6 minutes
o Beans: Green, yellow 4 to 8 minutes. Fresh shell 10 to 40 minutes, depending on variety
o Beets: Medium 30 to 35 minutes
o Broccoli: Florets 4 to 5 minutes. Spears 5 to 7 minutes
o Broccoli rabe or rapini: Thick stems removed, leaves and florets cut into 2-inch pieces 5 to 9 minutes
o Cabbage: 1 ½-inch thick wedges 6 minutes
o Carrots: ¼-inch thick pieces 5 to 8 minutes
o Cauliflower: Whole head 15 to 20 minutes. Florets 4 to 6 minutes
o Corn on the cob: Husked 5 minutes
o Greens (chard, kale): Thick stems removed, leaves sliced into ½-inch wide strips 8 to 10 minutes
o Parsnips: ¼-inch thick slices 6 to 8 minutes
o Peas: Green, shelled 5 to 8 minutes. Pods (snow, sugar snaps) 2 to 5 minutes
o Peppers (hot and sweet): Stemmed, seeded and halved 5 to 7 minutes
o Potatoes: Whole new 15 to 20 minutes. Whole red or white 30 to 40 minutes. 2-inch chunks 15 minutes
o Winter squash, seeded: 1-inch peeled cubes 12 to 15 minutes. Small halves 15 to 20 minutes. o Large pieces 25 to 30 minutes

Sources: "Williams-Sonoma Kitchen Companion"; "Field Guide to Produce" by Aliza Green

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